- Literature Review
The area of investigation examines teacher education criteria for entry, there are many agendas and policies which have different views and opinions on the matter.
All of the agendas and policies have similar goals; they all want Australian teachers to perform at their optimum level in order for students to achieve not only in school but also in society. (Australian Institute for Teaching and school leadership, National professional standards for teachers [AITSL], 2011) state that teachers have a large weight of preparing students for becoming valuable members of society in order to lead a prolific life.
While it’s known to all that teachers do influence students, many government officials and agendas are now in the process of raising entry levels into universities in order to produce higher educated teachers and in many minds, better teachers. (Review of teacher education and school induction, First report – Full report, 2010) stress that entry into a bachelor degree, or a combined degree would be based on a minimum of a 12 OP score or higher. In addition they also state that five year programs for pre-service teachers would have to include a bachelor degree plus a two year master degree or a double degree in studies that would lead to a master’s degree, whilst knowledge to teach literacy and numeracy is a must for all.
In contrast education minister Peter Garrett (“Garrett slammed on teacher standards,” 2012) states the best teachers he has met are not the most academically gifted but were fantastic teachers as they draw the most from their students and have a real drive to succeed and are passionate about what they do. In another interview (“Interview on teaching standards, Gonski, ABC News Breakfast with Michael Rowland,” 2013) he argues literacy and numeracy levels need to be at the correct level prior to university entry. He explains that students would be assessed for literacy and numeracy early in their courses and that some universities already have this in place, this is to ensure the national goal of being in the top five performing nations by 2025. In addition he also believes that emotional intelligence testing should be in place for all universities, to see people’s willingness and suitability for teaching. As the quality of teachers ultimately determines the results the students achieve. In agreement the (Better Schools a national plan for school improvement, higher standards for teacher training courses, 2011) state there should be interviews to ensure students have the emotional intelligence, resilience and commitment to teaching.
Other nation’s levels of entry do vary, as seen in Finland. Shown in the (Review of teacher education and school induction, First report – Full report, 2010) teaching in Finland in both secondary and primary education requires a minimum of a three year bachelor degree and a two year master’s degree. All potential applicants must also partake in a written exam, aptitude test and a personal interview prior to acceptance into the teaching degree.
It is without doubt that teachers need to be academic achievers. Although each political agenda has different opinions on the requirement to have interviews prior to university, all simultaneously agree that higher levels of literacy and numeracy are a must for all aspiring teachers. Due to the differences highlighted above, we will be investigating the opinions of 100 first year education students to seek the opinions of the future teachers of Australia